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歐洲古建筑的“守護文化”

作者:柚木家具 日期:2016-06-06 閱讀:  次瀏覽

youweijianzhudashicengjingshuoguo,gujianzhuheguchengshidaiyouwenhuafuhaoheshengmingguangzede“huohuashi”,shiyigedifang、yizuochengshidelishijiyi。tachengzaihejianzhengzhuzhegechengshidelishihewenhuajidian,xuyaoduigujianzhuheguchengjinxing“xixinhehu”heshouhu。

zaiouzhou,shangzhiguojialingdaoren、zhengfuguanyuan,xiazhishizhengguanlizhe、putongbaixing,douduigujianzhuheguchengshouhuyouzhugengquangengshengengtouderenzhihelijie。keyishuo,tamenduigujianzhuheguchengdeyongxinshouhuhexixinzhaoliao,shijiyugujianzhuheguchengdezixinhezihaodeqinghuai,dadaolehengaodewenhuajingjie,changchanggeiquguoderenliuxiahenshendeyinxiang,yegeiwomendailaixuduoyouyideqishi。

歐式建筑

ouzhourenchangchangbachuantongdegujianzhuxingxiangdichengzhiwei“ximalayashan”,jiushishuonibunengzouguoqu,zuihaodebanfashibaoliuta。cengrenyingguoshouxiangdeqiujiercengjingzheyangshuoguo:“womensuzaolejianzhu,erjianzhufanguolaiyeyingxianglewomen。”henduorenzaikanguobalidegujianzhujiqizhouweihuanjinghou,douhuiduizhelidejianzhuzanbujuekou,fachuyouzhongdegankai。balishijiangxinlaochengqufenkai,yongkaixuanmenzuoweixinlaochengqudefenjiexian,yibianzuoweilaochengqu,buyunxuxiandaijianzhutazu,lingyibianshigaodufadadexiandaiwenming。cengyoubalirenzheyangzihaodishuoguo,ruguotamengudaidezuxianzaihuidaobaliyirankeyizhaodaohuijiadelu,kejianbalidegujianzhuheguchengbaohuchengduzhishen。yidaliyeshiruci,zuimingxiandeshi,dakairenheyibenjiangshuxifangjianzhuhechengshilishideshu,yidalidejianzhuhechengshidouzhanjuzhuxiangdangduodepianfu。tamenduigujianzhuheguchengdeshouhudadaoleyigehengaodejingjiehecengci。zhezhongjingjieshizhishangshiyizhongwenhuajingjie,zhezhongshouhushizhishangyanbianweiyizhong“shouhuwenhua”。zhezhong“shouhuwenhua”zaihendachengdushangtixianleyizhonglishizeren,tixianleyizhongduilishihezisunhoudaidedandang。tamendezixinhezihaozaihendachengdushangyelaiyuanyutamensuoshouhudelaojianzhuhegucheng。dangxia,womenqueshaodeyexujiushizheyangyizhongwenhuajingjie,yizhongwenhuasuyang,yizhong“shouhuwenhua”。zaihenduoyeneirenshideyanzhong,ouzhoucongduogehuanjie、duogefangmian,laishouhugujianzhuheguchengwenhua,zheshixuyaowomenxuexide。

congfalvdecengmianlaikan,ouzhouzhuguozaizhidushejishangduilaojianzhuheguchengyouzhujiqiyangedefalvguifanbaohu“hongxian”。faguozaozai600nianqiande1374nianjiuyouguifanchengshijianzhudefalv。1913nian,faguozhuanmenchutaile《lishijianzhubaohufa》,dangshibali105pingfanggonglideguchengdoushoudaofalvdeyangebaohu,zaibaohuquneibiandonghuoxinjianrenhejianzhu,douyaojingguoyangedeshenpichengxu。yidalifalvzemingqueguidingjianzhuwuwaibujiegoushuyuzhengfu,goumaizhezhiyoufangzineibudeshiyongquan。

congcaozuochengxudecengmiankan,yangecaozuoguichengshiouzhougeguoshouhugujianzhuheguchengzunxundezhongyaoyuanze。ruzaijianzhuchaiqiandexiandingshangyouqingxidebianjie。yingguoyouzhuanmendegujianzhubaocuntiaoli。gaitiaoliguiding,fanshi1840nianqiandejianzhuwu,yilvyaojiayibaohu,budegenggaiwaiguan;1900nianqianhoudejianzhuwu,genjushifouyoubaoliujiazhierding;20shiji50niandaidejianzhu,fanshibushiyingxiandaishenghuoxuyaodezekeyizhongjian。

ciwai,ouzhougeguozaishenpichengxushangyouzhuwanbeiyanmidejizhi。faguozhuanmensheyouguojiajianzhuguihuashizhidu,shichangyaotingguihuashideyijian,tongshi,jianzhujihuahuanyaoguangfanzhengqiuminyi,duoshuminzhongfanduidejianzhujihuayaochexiaohuozhezaizhongxinjinxingguihua。

congbianzhengduidaibaohudecengmianlaikan,ouzhougeguosuojinxingdegujianzhubaohu,shidongtaideerbushijingtaide,shijijideerbushixiaojide,zheyeshishouhuwenhuadeyizhongtixian。ouzhougeguobushijiandandeweibaohuerbaohu,ershijijiyiyishangdebaohu,qizhongbufaduigujianzhuheguchengdebaohuxingxiushanhejianshe。tamenbayi“baohu”weizhunze、weimudedexiushanjiansherongrudao“baohu”zhizhong。bizhezailundun、niujinhejianqiaosuojiandaodeyixie15shiji、16shijiyizhigengzaodejiaoshi、xiaoshe,yijingjingguoduocixiushanjianshe,dancongjianzhudewaixinglaikan,jinglilemanchangsuiyuedewaiqiangshang,banbanbobohefenghuacengyiranqingxikejian,shiwomenshenlinqijingdigandao,tamenbushixiaojidibaohugujianzhuhegucheng,ershizairenzhenlunzhengdejichushang,tongguoyouxiaodexiushanjianshequbaohu。

zhengshizhezhongduigujianzhuheguchengshouhudewenhuajingjie,zaojiulejintianouzhouyigegeyoulishijiyi、youwenhuadefaguo、yingguo、yidalidengguodujiqichengshi,yeweirenmenliuxialeyizuozuojianzhuyishuguibao。

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